The Pilibhit tiger reserve is situated stretching between the Pilibhit district, Lakhimpur Kheri district and the Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh. This Tiger Reserve is diverse in its ecosystems with extensive open spaces and enough food for the tigers and other predators to feast on. The Pilibhit tiger reserve is the 45th largest tiger reserve project undertaken by the country. To the north of the Pilibhit tiger reserve, one will find the Indo Nepal border, to the South is the river Sarada and Khakra. It is one of the highest ecological habitats that conserves the entire Tiger population. The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve has been home not only to tigers but also to over 127 animals, 2100 flowering plants and 326 bird species. The forest combines together plantations, grasslands, and the high Sal forest. The water bodies and swamps scattered all over and which is a breeding ground for other living organisms and life forms. Visitors and tourists get to spot the wildest animals, Carnivores and predators here which ranges from the cheetahs, endangered tigers, the swamp deer, Hog deer, Leopard, zebras, Bengal florican, the Wild Boar, Sambar, the blue bull and several hundreds of species of wild animals. Behold the elegant predators in action in all their glory as they go hunting out in the wild. This forest features a rich and diverse birdlife. Some of the main attractions of the Pilibhit tiger reserve are:
- Wild animals and predators:
For those who wish to walk on the wild side amongst nature’s bloodthirsty predators, the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is just the spot for you. Listen to the echoes from the calls of the cheetah, the wild row of the Tiger, track down the pugmarks, that indicates the presence of an elusive animal. Sighting of the Majestic predators in its natural habitat is a memory to cherish a lifetime. Some of the species of wild animals that can be spotted at the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve includes the Porcupines, Hog deer, barking deer, swamp deer, spotted deer, Samba, Sloth bear, Cheetah, leopard, langur, Pythons, King Cobra, cheetal, monitor lizards and lots more.
- Critically endangered species:
The Pilibhit tiger reserve is home to the critically endangered species which includes the porcupines, otters, the hispid Hare, Pangolin, the Bengal florican, and other species as well.
The Pilibhit tiger reserve sees native birds, birds from all over the country as well as migratory birds and winter Birds. About 326 species out of the 1300 bird species in the country can be found in the Pilibhit tiger reserve itself. Apart from that, it is also the home to two endangered species and other rare sightings. Some of the bird species found here includes the wooly necked stork, the black-necked stork, fish Eagles, Serpent Eagles the spotted owl’s, fish owls, the green pigeon, the Emerald Dove, cormorant, black francolin, the jungle babbler, nightjar and other bird species. The Indian vulture is a common sight here. Apart from the above, visitors can also sight the beautiful dancing peacock, crows, storks, teals, vultures, parakeets, parrot, kingfishers, Jungle Fowls, drongos, dubbed, seagulls, ducks, laughing thrush, Orioles, and lots more.
The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is also home to the Indian cobra, pythons, Russells, Indian marsh crocodiles, monitor lizards, King Cobra, common krait, gharials, and lots more. All of them are quite aggressive, hence they are kept in separate enclosures away from the visitors.
Visitors also get to spot the Gangetic dolphins, snakehead, chilwa, rohu, catfish, mangur, goonch, and other such Pisces which swim in the marshy Shallow waters and fresh Lake water.
- Flora and fauna:
The Pilibhit tiger reserve is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. The major Flora that can be spotted here includes the plant species that fall under the ficus species which includes the Sal, Sissoo, dhak, baheda, semal, khingan, Rohini, aonla, harad, khair, Khingan, baheda, ber, kuthber, asna, bakli, bakayan, and much more.
The landscape of this Tiger Reserve comprises of three different ecoregions which are:
- The upper Gangetic plains moist deciduous forest
- The Terai duar Savannah.
- Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests.
The forest cover comprises the Scrub Savannah, deciduous forests and the Alluvial grasslands.
The fauna in the region comprises of the royal Bengal tiger, the one-horned rhinoceros, the swamp deer, the Asian elephants, the Bengal florican and much more.
- The Pilibhit Safari:
The Pilibhit forest Safari is one of the major attractions here. You get to catch glimpses of the wild predators and tigers roaming free in their natural habitat from quite a close distance. Enjoy the thick and lush green surroundings as you go on a memorable ride on the Safari. The forest and the surrounding areas are well maintained and protected with extensive green forest covers and large water bodies all around.
- The best time to sight animals:
The best time to sight the wild predators and carnivores would be during the early morning or in the late afternoon. The sunsets are a glorious sight to see as it sets beyond the dusky tall treetops into the Horizon. It gets your adrenaline pumped up and your heart racing at the chance of any possible tiger sighting.
- The climate at the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve:
The climate of the surrounding areas in the Pilibhit is humid and warm due to the dense tree cover which lets out a lot of moisture into the surroundings. The air is healthy and pollution-free with the sounds of birds, insects, and animals echoing all around you. Internet and phone signals are quite strong here and work quite well.
- How to reach?
The Pilibhit tiger reserve can be easily reached as it is well connected with good roads, rail, and excellent transportation. To the west of Pilibhit is Bareilly and to the north is Nainital. One can also easily reach the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve via Shahjahanpur through road and rail. The closest town includes Bisalpur, Bareilly, Delhi, Lakhimpur, and Puranpur. There are several trains that bring in visitors and tourists from other parts of Uttar Pradesh. One will find that the Pilibhit tiger reserve has its very own railway station as well. However, the connection here is quite Limited. The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is about 310 km away from the Lucknow airport and 325 km away from the Delhi airport.