The Surajpur wetland and the natural forest is a natural habitat located in an urban locality on the banks of the Yamuna River Basin in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh. It is the perfect breeding ground for all kinds of birds, animals, flora, and fauna. Since 2010, efforts have been made to restore the original Glory of this area into a lively Bird Sanctuary and it has brought together the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department, Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority, and the WWF India together to work on this project. At the Surajpur wetland and natural forest, one can witness firsthand the protection and conservation of diversity and the importance that it holds in the preservation of different kinds of species. The authorities have created bunds for the collection of water in and around the wetland so as to ensure that the water continues to remain and preserve life even once the summer and winter have set in. This has been positive results which not only increased the Migration of migratory birds, breeding of butterflies and other invertebrates, but also flora and fauna. The Surajpur wetland and the natural forest is the perfect breeding ground for birds invertebrates, reptiles amphibians, fishes aquatic life, and much more. We bring you some of the top attractions at the Surajpur wetland and natural forest. Read on to know more about them.
- Avian Species:
The Surajpur natural forest is home to more than hundred and eighty bird species which form a total of 48 families. There are about 82 species of water birds, 99 species of Woodland birds and 49 species of Grassland Birds. it is home to the Greylag Goose, Cotton Pygmy Goose, ferruginous Pochard, Northern Shoveler, Red-crested Pochard, Whistling Duck, winter waterfowls, spot-billed duck, goose and comb duck, Gadwall, and much more.
- Rare Birds:
The Surajpur wetland and natural forest see several migratory birds that migrate from abroad and other parts of India. Some of the rare birds that can be spot India includes the Sarus Crane, the bristled grassbird, the Asian openbill stork, the black-necked stork, the white-necked stork, the black-crowned night heron, and the black-headed Ibis. Out of the different species of birds, about 10 species of birds are on the verge of extinction and termed as endangered species, 3 species of birds are vulnerable and 6 species of birds are nearly threatened.
- Fish Species:
At the Surajpur wetland, one can find a variety of fish species that ranges from Bam, Kawal, Baatta, Kharda, Rohu, Shol, Putti, Tengna, Singhi, Chilwa, and other fish species as well. There are more than 13 species of fishes swimming in the ponds and bunds here.
The Surajpur wetland and natural forest also sees a great many invertebrates, most commonly colorful butterflies fluttering all over. Visitors get to spot the painted lady, pea blue, great Swift, rounded pierrot, tawny coster, chocolate Pansy, Common Rose, Pallid argus, dark brown brand bush brown, white Orange-tip, common fourring, Tiny grass blue, Indian Skipper, large cabbage white, pale grass Blue, Indian Ace, Forget Me Not, large threeing, common pierrot, and lots more.
- Other common invertebrates:
The Other common invertebrates that can be found at the Surajpur wetland and natural forest includes centerpiece, Indian leeches, honey bees, moths, molluscs, common Rock crabs, millipedes, the wandering gliders, ruddy Marsh skimmers, green marsh hawks, ditch jewel, globe skimmer, pied paddy skimmer, and much more. These wetlands are home to 44 species of butterflies, 6 species of dragonflies, three species of arthropods, two species of molluscs, and three species of annelids.
- Reptiles species:
There are more than 8 species of reptiles which have made the Surajpur wetland and natural forest as their habitat. Some of them are endangered and all steps are taken to conserve and preserve them. The most common reptiles that can be spotted here includes the Indian cobra, Garden lizard, the Indian bullfrog, the common sand boa, the boa constrictor, Checkered keelback, the Indian skink, the Indian flap shell Turtle, the Indian Rat Snake and much more. Some of these reptiles are quite aggressive, volatile and highly poisonous. They are sectioned and cordoned off from any contact with the public and visitors.
Apart from the above, visitors also get rare sightings of 6 species of mammals which includes the golden Jackal, the Indian Grey Mongoose, five striped squirrels, Nilgai, and the Indian hare.
- Location of the Surajpur wetland and natural forest:
The Surajpur wetland and natural forest can be found located near the Surajpur Village in Dadri Tehsil within the district of Gautam Budh Nagar in the Greater Noida area of Uttar Pradesh. It is located about 3 km away from the Greater Noida city of Uttar Pradesh, 90 km away from Aligarh, 800m away from Delhi Noida Dadri road, 26 km away from Delhi, 24 kilometers from Noida, 6 km away from the Dadri railway station. The Surajpur wetland and the natural forest are given the protection status as that of a reserve forest and the Habitat is termed as that of a marshland. It is located on the bio geographic zone of the Gangetic plain. The entire area is surrounded with dry deciduous vegetation with a tropical monsoon climate receiving maximum rainfall during the months of July to October. The entire area is located at an altitude of 184.7 msl.
- How to reach the Surajpur wetland and natural forest:
Surajpur wetland and natural forest is easily accessible and well connected. It is just 42 km away from the New Delhi railway station, 33 km away from the Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station, 38 km away from the Sarai Kale Khan via the Noida Link Road, 41.3 km away from Ashram via the Noida Expressway, 28.5 km away from Ashram via the Dadri Road, 40 km away from the old Delhi railway station 50 km away from the IGI Airport. One can easily read the Surajpur wetland and natural forest either by public transport, train, bus, plane and private vehicles.